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考前巧记口诀,帮你扫除高考语法难点

管理员1    时间:2022-07-25 13:59    访问26次 有用[1] 无用[0] 举报

一、“两坏两好,两多一少,一远一老


巧记不规则形容词和副词的比较级最高级

“两坏”,指bad/ill-worse-worst;

“两好”,指good/well-better-best;

“两多”,指many/much-more-most;

“一少”,指little-less-least;(注意:few是规则变化,few-fewer-fewest)

“一远”,指far-farther-farthest,或far-further-furthest;

“一老”,指 old-older-oldest,或 old-elder-eldest。


二、“真正的温柔可能简单的可怕”


巧记形容词变成副词时,要把词尾的e去掉后再加-y或-ly:

“真正的”:true-truly;

“温柔的”:gentle-gently;

“可能的”:possible-possibly,probable-probably;

“简单的”:simple-simply;

“可怕的”:terrible-terribly,horrible-horribly。


三、“妹妹是不吃咖啡滴”(吃啥?吃-ing)


巧记后面要接动词的-ing形式做宾语的动词:

这个口诀采用的是汉语的谐音:MEMESPCKAFIDI (ME妹-ME妹--S是-P不-C吃-KA咖-FI啡-DI滴),每个字母代表一个或几个以该字母开头的动词,具体如下:

M-mind (介意):Would you mind opening the door for me,please?

E-enjoy (喜欢,享受):She often enjoys havinga cup of tea with cookies in the afternoon.

M-miss (错过):Mike missed catching the school bus thismorning because he got up too late.

E-escape(逃过,逃脱):Nobody can escape beingpunished if he commits a crime today.

S-suggest (建议):The monitor suggests having a farewellparty after the graduation ceremony.

P-practise/practice(练习):Mary practises playing the piano everyday after school.

C-consider(考虑):Some students consider going to foreigncountries for their further education.

K-keep (保持):I can’t trust you any more if you keep lying to me.

A-avoid(避免):She often avoids meeting me on thestreet after we have a quarrel.

-apprecaite(欣赏):As I 'll be away for a year,I’d appreciate hearing from you now and then.

F-finish(完成):When he finished doing his homework, itwas already midnight.

I-imagine(想象):Can you imagine living in a dark housewithout any light for ten days?

D-delay (推迟,延误)He apologized to me for his delaying invitingmeto his home.

I-include (包括)Your job includes cleaning the room and answering the phone.


四、“我掉了帽子”

巧记后面接从句时从句中需要使用should + 动词原形做谓语的动词(should可以省略):

本口诀采用的直接翻译法:“我掉了帽子”即是: I DROP CAPS。其中每个字母都代表一个或几个以该字母开头的动词,具体如下:

I-insist(坚持要求):I insisted that he should come with us.

D-demand(要求) He came to my house and demandedthat I should help him.

-desire(要求)He desired that you should come at once.

-decide(决定)The committee decidedthat no one should be admitted without a ticket.

R-request(请求)I requestedthat he should use his influence on my behalf.

-require (需要、要求)His health requiresthat he should go to bed early.

O-order (命令)The judge orderedthat the prisoner should be freed at once.

P-propose (建议)I proposedthat we should start early.

C-command (命令)The pirate chief commandedthat the prisoners should be shot.

A-ask (请求)The examination instructions ask that the students shouldnot use a pencil.

-advise (建议)He advisedthe doctor should be sent for.

P-prefer(宁愿)I'd preferthat she should act the young lady.

S-suggest(建议)Sometimes she would suggest that I should be saving someof the money.


五、“是否”让步,一前一后,讨论决定


巧记只能用whether(是否)而不能用if的情况:

1、让步状语从句:Whether you like it (or not), you must do it well.

2、“一前”:指在不定式前:He doesn't know whether to stay or to leave.

3、“一后”:指在介词之后:I haven't settled the question of whether I'll go backhome.

4、讨论(discuss)决定(decide)后:
We discussed whether we should go there by plane.

We can’t decide whether we should go there by plane.

注:常用的只能用whether的情况有:1、引导名词性从句(大部分宾语从句可能if互换),2、跟…or not 搭配时。


六、“县官行令宴国才”

巧记多个形容词共同修饰一个名词时的先后顺序:

此口诀也是使用了汉语的谐音的方法,具体如下:

1、“县”即“限定词”,即冠词,物主代词,指示代词和数词等,

2、“官”即表示人们的“观点”的词,

3、“行”即表示“形状”、大小的词,

4、“令”即表示“年龄”、新旧的词,

5、“宴”即“颜色”

6、“国”即“国籍”、出处,

7、“材”即“材料”。


例如:上周日他弟弟捡到了一把很重的又长又旧的黑色的产自中国的油纸伞。

Last Sunday his brother picked up  a (限定词)heavy(观点词)long (形状) old (年龄) black (颜色)Chinese(国籍) oil-paper (材料)umbrella.

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