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中国货运飞船与空间站核心舱对接

管理员1    时间:2021-09-21 14:44    访问358次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报
Screen image captured at Beijing Aerospace Control Center on Sept. 20, 2021 shows China's cargo spacecraft Tianzhou-3 docking with the space station core module Tianhe. (Xinhua/Guo Zhongzheng)
2021 年 9 月 20 日在北京航天控制中心拍摄的屏幕图像显示,中国货运飞船天舟三号与空间站核心舱天河对接。 (新华社/郭中政)
BEIJING, Sept. 20 (Xinhua) -- China's cargo spacecraft Tianzhou-3, carrying supplies for the upcoming Shenzhou-13 crewed mission, successfully docked with the space station core module Tianhe on Monday, according to the China Manned Space Agency (CMSA).
北京9月20日电据中国载人航天局(CMSA)称,中国货运飞船天舟三号为即将到来的神舟十三号载人任务运送物资,于周一成功与空间站核心舱天河对接。 .
At 10:08 p.m. (Beijing Time), Tianzhou-3 completed a computer-orchestrated rendezvous and docking at the rear docking port of the Tianhe core module. The whole process took approximately 6.5 hours, the CMSA said.
晚上 10:08 (北京时间),天舟三号在天河核心舱后部对接口完成了计算机编排的交会对接。 CMSA 表示,整个过程大约需要 6.5 小时。
The Long March-7 Y4 rocket, carrying Tianzhou-3, blasted off at 3:10 p.m. from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in the southern island province of Hainan. After 597 seconds, Tianzhou-3 separated from the rocket and entered its designated orbit. At 3:22 p.m., the solar panels of Tianzhou-3 unfolded and began working properly.
下午3时10分,搭载天舟三号的长征七号运四火箭发射升空。来自南部岛屿省海南省的文昌航天器发射场。 597秒后,天舟三号脱离火箭,进入指定轨道。下午3时22分,天舟三号的太阳能电池板展开并开始正常工作。
The CMSA declared the launch a complete success.
CMSA宣布发射取得圆满成功。
On Sept. 18, the Tianzhou-2 cargo craft separated from the rear docking port of Tianhe and docked with its front docking port.
9月18日,天舟二号货船从天河后部对接港脱离,与天河前部对接港对接。
Following Tianzhou-3's docking, the two cargo crafts are docked at the two ends of the Tianhe core module to form a linear shape, waiting for the arrival of Shenzhou-13 crew members.
随着天舟三号的对接,两艘载货飞船分别停靠在天河核心舱的两端,形成一条直线,等待神舟十三号机组人员的到来。
Monday's launch is the 20th mission of China's manned space programs and the 389th mission of the Long March rocket series.
周一的发射是中国载人航天计划的第20次任务和长征系列火箭的第389次任务。
Zhong Wen'an, chief engineer at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center, said that the Tianzhou-3 mission is the second flight of China's space station cargo transportation system, composed of the Tianzhou spacecraft and the Long March-7 rockets. The mission is key to connecting the preceding verification of key technologies and the following in-orbit construction.
西昌卫星发射中心总工程师钟文安表示,天舟三号任务是中国空间站货物运输系统的第二次飞行,由天舟飞船和长征七号火箭组成。该任务是连接前期关键技术验证和后续在轨建设的关键。
As the ancient Chinese said, to carry out an important task, supplies like rations and forage should go ahead of troops and horses. During the construction of the space station, cargo spaceships will always be launched ahead of crewed missions.
正如中国古人所说,执行一项重要的任务,口粮和饲料等物资应该先于兵马。在空间站的建设过程中,货运飞船总是先于载人任务发射。
"We will transport support materials, necessary spare parts and equipment first, and then our crew," said CMSA Director Hao Chun.
“我们将首先运输支持材料、必要的备件和设备,然后是我们的船员,”CMSA 主任郝春说。
Tianzhou-3 carries nearly 6 tonnes of goods and materials, including living supplies for the astronauts, one extravehicular space suit for back-up, supplies for extravehicular activities, space station platform materials, payloads and propellants.
天舟三号运载了近6吨物资,包括宇航员生活用品、出舱后备宇航服一件、出舱活动用品、空间站平台材料、有效载荷和推进剂。
The cargo can ensure sufficient food and drinking water for three astronauts to remain in orbit for six months. While Tianzhou-2 had two tonnes of propellant on board, Tianzhou-3 cancelled four propellant storage tanks and carried only 750 kg of propellant to deliver more supplies for the Shenzhou-13 crew.
该货物可以确保三名宇航员在轨道上停留六个月有足够的食物和饮用水。天舟二号载有两吨推进剂,而天舟三号取消了四个推进剂储罐,只携带了750公斤推进剂,为神舟十三号机组人员提供了更多的补给。
The color of the packages has been updated to help astronauts identify the contents. The packages on Tianzhou-2 featured markings and QR codes to identify the contents, but as the packaging was all beige, they were a little hard for astronauts to sort and organize. On Tianzhou-3, the supplies are packaged in different colors and with a QR code.
包装的颜色已更新,以帮助宇航员识别内容。天舟二号的包装上有标记和二维码来识别内容物,但由于包装均为米色,宇航员分类整理有点困难。在天舟三号上,物资采用不同颜色包装,并附有二维码。
Feng Yong is the chief director of the Tianzhou-3 cargo craft at the China Academy of Space Technology (CAST). He said that Tianzhou-3 carries gas cylinders, the internal pressure can reach 300 times atmospheric pressure. Tanks of this sort containing oxygen can supply astronauts for long periods.
冯勇是中国空间技术研究院(CAST)天舟三号货运飞船的首席主任。他说,天舟三号搭载气瓶,内部压力可达大气压的300倍。这种装有氧气的罐子可以为宇航员提供长时间的供气。
Meanwhile, the cargo freighter also carries water bags made of light and soft materials. The design ensures the safety of drinking water, but also allows for the organized storage of empty water bags.
同时,货轮还搭载轻质柔软材料制成的水袋。该设计确保了饮用水的安全,但也允许有组织地存放空水袋。
Wang Ran, a CAST designer for Tianzhou-3, said that most goods carried by Tianzhou-3 were loaded in standard packages. The packages have good mechanical bearing properties and are also antibacterial, mold proof, flame proof and have no harmful gas volatilization.
天舟三号CAST设计师王冉表示,天舟三号搭载的大部分货物都是标准包装。包装具有良好的机械承载性能,同时具有抗菌、防霉、防火、无有害气体挥发等特点。
Wang said the Tianzhou cargo packaging materials make use of a unique ingredient extracted from crab shells.
王说,天洲货物的包装材料使用了一种从蟹壳中提取的独特成分。
Following the Tianzhou-3 mission, the Shenzhou-13 manned spaceship will be launched to dock with the core module Tianhe, and three astronauts will then begin their six-month stay in orbit.
继天舟三号任务后,神舟十三号载人飞船将发射升空与天河核心舱对接,三名航天员将开始在轨停留6个月。
China plans to complete the verification of key technologies and the in-orbit construction of the space station through multiple launches within two years.
中国计划在两年内通过多次发射完成关键技术验证和空间站在轨建设。
Five launch missions are planned for this year, namely the launch of the Tianhe core module, Tianzhou-2 cargo ship, Shenzhou-12 crewed mission, Tianzhou-3 cargo ship and the upcoming Shenzhou-13 crewed mission.
今年计划发射五次发射任务,分别是发射天河核心舱、天舟二号货船、神舟十二号载人飞船、天舟三号货船和即将进行的神舟十三号载人飞行任务。
Six more missions will come in 2022, including the launch of the Wentian and Mengtian lab modules, two cargo spacecraft and two crewed spaceships, to complete the construction of the space station.
2022年还将执行六次任务,包括发射问天和梦天实验室模块、两艘货运飞船和两艘载人飞船,以完成空间站的建设。

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