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您的位置:文章 英语阅读 Baseball: The National Pastime棒球:国家消遣

Baseball: The National Pastime棒球:国家消遣

管理员1    时间:2021-05-09 11:53    访问35次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报

The game of baseball in the United States is the oldest major league sport in the country. Major League Baseball traces its roots back to the 1880s, but the game had been enjoyed by Americans for decades before then. The origins of the game are in question. For many years a 19th Century American named Abner Doubleday was credited with creating the game, but this has been proven inaccurate today.

在美国,棒球比赛是美国最古老的大联盟运动。 美国职业棒球大联盟的历史可以追溯到1880年代,但在此之前的几十年中,美国人一直在享受这场比赛。 游戏的起源是有疑问的。 多年以来,一位名叫Abner Doubleday的19世纪美国人发明了这款游戏,但如今已被证明不准确。

One theory is that the game was brought across the Atlantic Ocean during the great European migration of the 18th Century, and that it is based on the British game of cricket. Cricket is a very popular sport in England, but it is played by mostly the upper-class members of that society, and it is unlikely that the poor immigrants from England played the game very much. However, it more closely resembles the game of rounders, which is another English sport that shares many common features as the American game of baseball.

一种理论认为该游戏是在18世纪欧洲大迁徙期间横渡大西洋的,它基于英国的板球游戏。板球运动在英格兰是一种非常受欢迎的运动,但大多数是该社会的上流社会成员参加的,而来自英格兰的贫穷移民不太可能玩这种游戏。但是,它更类似于轮滑比赛,这是另一种英国运动,与美国棒球比赛具有许多共同特征。

In any event, the game became very popular in the United States. By the 20th Century, the American League, and the National League were taking the country by storm. The greatest single team in either league's history is the New York Yankees. The Yankees have won more World Series titles than any other team in history.

无论如何,该游戏在美国变得非常流行。到20世纪,美国同盟和国家同盟席卷了整个国家。两个联盟历史上最伟大的一支球队是纽约洋基队。洋基队赢得了历史上最多的世界大赛冠军。

The World Series is a seven-game competition with the two top teams from either league. The first team to win four games is declared the World Series Champion. In 1903, The Boston Americans won the first World Series beating the Pittsburgh Pirates. This was the start of an annual series matchup between the two leagues. To date, the Yankees have won 27 championships in 40 appearances, with the team's most recent title coming in 2009. The St. Louis Cardinals lead the National League with 11 titles in 19 appearances, with its last title coming in 2011.

世界大赛是一场七场比赛,其中两个联盟的顶级球队都参加了比赛。第一支赢得四场比赛的球队被宣布为世界大赛冠军。 1903年,波士顿美国人队击败匹兹堡海盗队赢得了首个世界大赛。这是两个联赛之间年度系列赛对决的开始。迄今为止,洋基队已经在40场比赛中赢得了27项冠军,该队的最新冠军是在2009年。圣路易斯红雀队在19场比赛中以11项冠军领先全国联赛,最近一次夺冠是在2011年。

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