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您的位置:文章 英语阅读 A Nation Was Born一个民族诞生了

A Nation Was Born一个民族诞生了

管理员1    时间:2021-05-03 19:16    访问15次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报

The American Revolution was a war of independence fought by those living in the 13 colonies of North America against Great Britain. Those living in the colonies were especially angry about taxes the British were forcing them to pay. People felt taxes were unfair because there was no colonial representation in the British parliament. One tax was the stamp tax, which taxed printed materials such as newspapers. The colonists called this "taxation without representation". Colonists who wanted freedom from English rule were known as Patriots. Those who supported British rule were known as Loyalists. Before full scale war broke out, there were many acts of protest by patriots, like the Boston Tea Party when Bostonians boarded British ships and dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor because of a tea tax. On April 19 the first shots were fired in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, which officially started the war.

美国独立战争是居住在北美13个殖民地中的人针对英国进行的独立战争。 那些居住在殖民地的人尤其对英国人强迫他们缴纳的税款感到愤怒。 人们认为税收不公平,因为英国议会中没有殖民代表。 印花税是一种税,对报纸等印刷品征税。 殖民者称此为“无代表征税”。 希望摆脱英国统治的殖民者被称为爱国者。 那些支持英国统治的人被称为忠诚主义者。 在全面战争爆发之前,有许多爱国者的抗议行动,例如波士顿茶党,当时波士顿人登上英国船只,并因茶税而将342箱茶倒入海港。 4月19日,第一枪在马萨诸塞州列克星敦和康科德开火,正式发动了战争。

Many people were involved in the struggle for independence. Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams worked together to write the Declaration of Independence. On July 4, 1776, patriots declared themselves free. Most people know George Washington was the first president of the United States. Before that he was the commander-in-chief of the patriot army. Most of the battles in the American Revolution were fought in the northeast in places near Boston, and New York.

许多人参与了争取独立的斗争。 本杰明·富兰克林(Benjamin Franklin),托马斯·杰斐逊(Thomas Jefferson)和约翰·亚当斯(John Adams)共同撰写了《独立宣言》。 1776年7月4日,爱国者宣布自己获得自由。 大多数人都知道乔治·华盛顿是美国的第一任总统。 在此之前,他是爱国军的总司令。 美国独立战争中的大多数战斗都是在东北靠近波士顿和纽约的地方进行的。

The British, known as redcoats because of their red uniform jackets, had help from German mercenary soldiers called Hessians. Patriots had support from other Europeans. France entered the American Revolution on the side of the colonists in 1778. This helped force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1779. However, fighting would not formally end until 1783 with the Treaty of Paris when Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent nation.

英国人因身着红色制服夹克而被称为红衣,在名为黑森州的德国雇佣军的帮助下获得了帮助。 爱国者得到了其他欧洲人的支持。 法国于1778年在殖民者的身边参加了美国独立战争。这帮助英国于1779年迫使英国在弗吉尼亚约克镇投降。但是,直到1783年《巴黎条约》正式通过英国承认美国为美国的时候,战斗才正式结束。 一个独立的国家。

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