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英语中的16种时态

管理员5    时间:2020-05-22 11:17    访问22次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报
  小学英语语法也是学习英语知识的必备基础,语法的掌握能够快速的帮助学生掌握英语句子的学习,下面小编就给大家推荐英语中的16种时态:

  (1)一般现在时

  基本形式(以do为例): 第三人称单数:does(主语为非第三人称单数);

  肯定句:主语+动词原形+其他;

  He works for us.

  否定句:主语+don't/doesn't+动词原形+其他;

  He doesn't work for us.

  一般疑问句:Do/Does+主语+动词原形+其他。

  肯定回答:Yes,(+ 主语+do/does).

  否定回答:No,(+主语+don't/doesn't.)

  特殊疑问句:疑问词+一般疑问句语

  Does he work for us?

  Yes, he does.

  No, he doesn't

  What does he do for us?

  He works for us.

  (2)一般过去时

  be动词+行为动词的过去式

  否定句式:在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词,或was/were+not;

  was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did提问,同时还原行为动词

  例如: Did he work for us?

  He didn't work for us.

  He worked for us.

  (3)一般将来时

  am/are/is+going to+do 或

  will/shall+do

  am/is/are/about to + do

  am/is/are to + do;

  一般将来时的表达方法

  be going to +动词原形

  be +不定式,be to+动词原形,be about to +动词原形

  be able to +不定式

  be about to+动词原形

  will + 动词原形;

  例如:He is going to work for us.

  He will work for us;

  He is coming.这是特殊的用一般现在时 表达 将来时态 的例子!!

  (4)过去将来时

  be(was,were)going to+动词原形

  be(was,were)about to+动词原形

  be(was,were)to+动词原形

  肯定句:主语+be(was,were)going to+动词原形~.

  否定句:主语+be(was,were)not going to+动词原形~.

  疑问句:Be(Was,Were)+主语+going to+动词原形~?

  肯定句:主语+would(should)+动词原形~.

  否定句:主语+would(should)not+动词原形~.

  疑问句:Would(Should)+主语+动词原形~?

  He would work for us.

  (5)现在进行时

  主语+be+v.ing〔现在分词〕形式(其中v表示动词)

  表示现在正在进行的动作或最近在做的事。

  例如:I am buying a book.

  第一人称+am+doing+sth

  第二人称+are+doing +sth (doing是泛指所有的v-ing形式)

  第三人称+is+doing+sth

  例:He is working.

  (6)过去进行时

  肯定句:主语+was/were+doing+其它

  否定句:主语+was/were+not+doing+其它

  一般疑问句及答语:Was/Were+主语+doing+其它 ;答语:Yes,I主语+was/were./No,I主语

  +wasn't/weren't.

  特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+was/were+主语+doing+其它

  He was working when he was alive.

  (7)将来进行时

  主语+will + be +现在分词

  He will be working for us.=He will work for us.

  (8)过去将来进行时

  should(would)+be+现在分词

  He said that he would be working for us.=He said that he would work for us.

  (9)现在完成时

  基本结构:主语+have/has+过去分词(done)

  ①肯定句:主语+have/has+过去分词+其他

  ②否定句:主语+have/has+not+过去分词+其他

  ③一般疑问句:Have/Has+主语+过去分词+其他

  ④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句(have/has+主语+过去分词+其他\

  He has worked for us for ten years.

  Has he worked for us for ten years.

  (10)过去完成时

  基本结构:主语+had+过去分词(done)

  ①肯定句:主语+had+过去分词+其他

  ②否定句:主语+had+not+过去分词+其他

  ③一般疑问句:Had+主语+过去分词+其他

  肯定回答:Yes,主语+had

  否定回答:No,主语+hadn't

  ④特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句(had+主语+过去分词+其他)

  语法判定:

  ( 1 ) by + 过去的时间点。如:

  I had finished reading the novel by nine o'clock last night.

  ( 2 ) by the end of + 过去的时间点。如:

  We had learnt over two thousand English words by the end of last term.

  ( 3 ) before + 过去的时间点。如:

  They had planted six hundred trees before last Wednesday.

  (11)将来完成时

  (shall)will+have+动词过去分词

  before+将来时间或by+将来时间

  before或by the time引导的现在时的从句

  He will have worked for us.=He will work for us.

  (12)过去将来完成时

  should / would have done sth.

  He said that he would have worked for us.=He said that he would work for us.

  (13)现在完成进行时

  基本与现在完成时相同,但是现在完成进行时只能表示仍然持续的概念

  have/has been +-ing 分词

  He has been working for us for ten years.=He has worked for us for ten years.

  (14)过去完成进行时

  had been +-ing 分词

  He said that he had been working for us for ten years.=He said that he had worked for us for ten years.

  (15)将来完成进行时

  主语+ shall/will have been doing

  He will have been working for us.=He will work for us.

  翻译为:他最近一直在为我们工作(过去在工作,现在在工作,将来还会工作)

  (16)过去将来完成进行时

  should+have been+现在分词用于第一人称

  would have been+现在分词用于其他人称

  He said that he would have been working for us.=He said that he would work for us.

  举例:

  英语中有12个主要时态,都来自于三时(过去、现在、将来)

  现在以I listen为例,举例英语中有12个主要时态如下所示:

  一般现在时:I listen

  现在进行时:I am listening

  过去进行时:I was listening

  现在完成时:I have listened

  现在完成进行时:I have been listening

  一般将来时:I shall listen”或“I will listen.”

  将来进行时:I shall be listening

  一般过去时:I listened

  过去完成时:I had listened

  过去完成进行时:I had been listening

  将来完成时: I shall have listened

  将来完成进行时: I shall have been listening

  以上就是关于英语中的16种时态的全部内容了,希望能够给大家带来帮助,其次,想要了解更多相关知识,请继续关注本网站。
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