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中考英语现在完成时真题练习及答案

管理员4    时间:2020-05-09 11:13    访问349次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报
  现在完成时在中考英语考试中是时常考到的,很多朋友在考试前都会去做一些相关试题,今天,小编就为大家带来中考英语现在完成时真题练习及答案,感兴趣的朋友可以看一下:

  一、单项选择。

  1、Both his parents look sad . Maybe they _________what's happened to him .

  A. knew B. have known C. must know D.will know

  2、He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he ?

  A. already B.never C.ever D. still

  3、Have you met Mr Li ______?

  A. just B. ago C.before D. a moment ago

  4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year .

  A. is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written

  5、-Our country ______ a lot so far .

  -Yes . I hope it will be even ______ .

  A. has changed ; well B. changed ; good

  C. has changed ; better D. changed ; better

  6、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years .

  A. was ; studying B. will ; study

  C. has ; studied D. are ; studying

  7、We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl .

  A. know B. had known C. have known D. knew

  8、Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice .

  A. will see B. have seen C. saw D.see

  9、-These farmers have been to the United States .

  -Really ? When _____ there ?

  A. will they go B. did they go

  C. do they go D. have they gone

  10、-______ you ___ your homework yet ?

  -Yes . I _____ it a moment ago .

  A. Did ; do ; finished B. Have ; done ; finished

  C. Have ; done ; have finished D. will ; do ; finish

  11、 His father ______ the Party since 1978 .

  A. joined B. has joined C. was in D. has been in

  12、-Do you know him well ?

  - Sure .We _________ friends since ten years ago .

  A. were B. have been C. have become D. have made

  13、-How long have you ____ here ?

  -About two months .

  A. been B. gone C. come D. arrived

  14、Hurry up! The play __________ for ten minutes .

  A. has begun B. had begun

  C. has been on D. began

  15、 It _____ ten years since he left the army .

  A. is B. has C. will D. was

  16、 Miss Green isn't in the office . she_______ to the library .

  A.has gone B. went C.will go D. has been

  17、My parents ______ Shandong for ten years .

  A. have been in B. have been to

  C. have gone to D. have been

  18、The students have cleaned the classroom, ?

  A. so they B. don't they C. have they D. haven't they

  19、 has Mr White been a member of Greener China since he to China?

  A. How soon, comes B. How often, got

  C. How long, came D. How far, arrived

  20、 His uncle for more than 9 years.

  A. has come here B. has started to work

  C. has lived there D. has left the university

  一、单项选择。

  1、现在完成时主要强调过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响,或过去发生的动作还未结束,一直持续到现在或将来,重点在于对现在的影响。这种考查难度较大,往往无时间状语,需要从上下文分析、推理才行。故上两侧根据上下文分析、推理,正确答案是B。

  2、现在完成时常与already(已经),just(刚刚,正好),ever(曾经),never(从来,也不;从不),before(以前),yet(仍然)等连用。故2应选B。

  3、C

  4、现在完成时常与recently(近来),so far(到目前为止),in the past/"last + 一段时间"等时间状语连用。因为上述短语表示的是从现在起往前推算的一段时间,句中的动作是从过去某一时间或时刻开始持续到现在的。故4应选D。

  5、C

  6、现在完成时时常与"for +时间段或since +过去时间点"连用(含从句,从句过去时)。故6应选C。

  7、C

  8、现在完成时还与once(一次),twice(两次),three times(三次),several times(几次)等表示重复次数的词语连用。故8应选B。

  9、现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们所表示的动作都发生在过去,但二者又有区别:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的事、存在的状态或经常发生的动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没有关系;现在完成时表示与现在有关系的发生在过去的动作,它不与表示过去的时间状语(如yesterday , last week , a moment ago等)连用。故9的正确答案为B。

  10、B

  11、现在完成时中,非延续性动词不能与for和since引导的表示一段时间的状语连用,通常是用相应的延续性动词来代替。故11的正确答案依次为:D。

  12、B 13、A 14、C 15、A。

  16、"have/has gone to + 地点"表示"某人去了某地(还未回来)",指主语所指的人不在这儿。"have/has been in + 地点"表示"在某地呆了多长时间",常与表示时间的状语连用。"have/has been to +地点"表示"曾经去过某地(但现在已不在那儿)。"故16的正确答案为A。

  17、A 18、D 19、C 20、C

  现在完成时专项练习

  考点一:考查基本概念

  例 Both his parents look sad .Maybe they______what's happened to him .

  A.knew B.have known C. must know D.will know

  简析:现在完成时主要强调过去发生的动作对现在造成

  的影响,或过去发生的动作还未结束,一直持续到现在或将

  来,重点在于对现在的影响。这种考查难度较大,往往无时

  间状语,需要从上下文分析、推理才行。故上两侧根据上下

  文分析、推理,正确答案是B。

  考点二:考查时间状语

  例1. He has _______ been to Shanghai , has he ?

  A.already B.never C.ever D. still

  例2. Have you met Mr Li ______?

  A.just B.ago C.before D.a moment ago

  例3.The famous writer _____ one new book in the past

  two year .

  A.is writing B.was writing C.wroteD.has written

  例4.-Our country ______ a lot so far .

  -Yes . I hope it will be even ______ .

  A.has changed;well B.changed;good

  C.has changed; better D.changed;better

  例5.Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for

  two years .

  A.was;studying B.will;studyC.has;studied D. are;studying

  例6.We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl.

  A.know B.had known C.have knownD. knew

  例7.Harry Potter is a very nice film.I______it twice .

  A.will seeB.have seenC.sawD.see

  简析:现在完成时的时间状语常有如下四类:

  ⑴现在完成时常与already(已经)just(刚刚,正好)

  ever(曾经),never(从来,也不;从不)before(以前)

  yet(仍然)等连用。故例1应选B;例2应选C。

  ⑵现在完成时常与recently(近来),so far(到目

  前为止),in the past/"last + 一段时间"等时间状

  语连用。因为上述短语表示的是从现在起往前推算的一段时

  间,句中的动作是从过去某一时间或时刻开始持续到现在的。

  故例3应选D,例4应选C。

  ⑶现在完成时时常与"for +时间段或since +过去时间

  点"连用(含从句,从句过去时)。故例5应选C,例6应选C。

  ⑷现在完成时还与once(一次),twice(两次),

  three times(三次),several times(几次)等表示重

  复次数的词语连用。故例7应选B。

  考点三:考查与一般过去时的区别

  例1.-These farmers have been to the United States .

  -Really ? When _____ there ?

  A.will they go B.did they go

  C.do they go D.have they gone

  例2.-______ you ___ your homework yet ?

  -Yes . I _____ it a moment ago .

  A.Did;do;finished B.Have;done;finished

  C.Have;done;have finished D.will;do;finish

  简析:现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们

  所表示的动作都发生在过去,但二者又有区别:一般过去

  时表示过去某个时间发生的事、存在的状态或经常发生的

  动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没

  有关系;现在完成时表示与现在有关系的发生在过去的动

  作,它不与表示过去的时间状语(如yesterday,last week,

  a moment ago等)连用。故例1、2的正确答案皆为B。

  考点四:考查非延续性动词的用法

  例1. His father ______ the Party since 1978 .

  A.joined B.has joined C. was in D.has been in

  例2.-Do you know him well ?

  - Sure.We _________friends since ten years ago .

  A.were B.have been C.have becomeD. have made

  例3.-How long have you ____ here ?

  -About two months .

  A.been B.gone C.come D.arrived

  例4.Hurry up!The play __________ for ten minutes .

  A.has begun B.had begun

  C.has been on D.began

  例5.His uncle died two years ago.(改变句子,句意不变)

  His uncle has _______ for two years

  例6.Her mother has been a Party member for three years .(同义句)

  Her mother_______the Party three years ________ .

  例7.It _____ten years since he left the army .

  A.is B.has C.will D. was

  简析:现在完成时中,非延续性动词不能与for和since引导的

  表示一段时间的状语连用,通常是用相应的延续性动词来代替。

  常用的非延续性动词及替代形式如下:

  close-→be closed, put on→wear, open-→be open

  get up-→be up, finish/end→be over, lose-→belost,

  marry-→be married(to),

  fall asleep/ go to sleep -→be asleep ( sleep ) ,

  get to know-→ know   come/arrive-→be here/in ,

  come/get back-→be back , go/leave-be away , become -→be, borrow -→keep ,

  buy-→have , begin/start-→be on ,

  die-→be dead , join-→be in... ,

  catch a cold-→ have a cold等,

  故例1、2、3、4的正确答案依次为:D、B、A、C。例5应填

  been dead 。其次,可以用相应的延续性动词的过去时表

  示,故例6应填joined;ago。再次,还可用"It is + 一

  段时间+since从句"来表示,故例7应选A。

  考点五:考查词组have/has been in / to与have/has gone to的区别

  例1.Miss Green isn't in the office.she______to the library .

  A.has goneB.went C.will go D.has been

  例2.My parents ______Shandong for ten years .

  A.have been in B.have been to

  C.have gone to D.have been

  简析:"have/has gone to + 地点"表示"某人去了某地

  (还未回来)",指主语所指的人不在这儿."have/has been in + 地点"表示"在某地呆了多长时间",常与表示时间的

  状语连用."have/has been to +地点"表示"曾经去过某地

  (但现在已不在那儿)。"故例1、2的正确答案皆为A。

  现在完成时专项练习 六 选择填空

  1.Mother ____me a new coat yesterday. I _______ it on. It fits me well.

  A. had made…have tried B. made…have tried

  C. has made…tried D. made…tried

  2 "He ____to draw horses already".When _____ he ?"

  " Last year "

  A. learned…has B. learned…did

  C. has learned…has D. has learned…did

  3.____you ____the text yet?Yes,we____it two hours ago.

  A. Did…copy…did B. Have…copied…have

  C. Have…copied…did D. Did …copy…had

  4. "Why ______ she ______angry ?""Because he _____

  at her just now ."

  A. did…get…shouted B. has…got…shouted

  C. did…get…has shouted D. has…got…has shouted

  5. ____you _____the film before?Where_____you ____it?

  A. Have …seen…did…see B. Did …see…did…watch

  C. Have…seen…have…seen D. Did …see…have…seen

  6.You ____me waiting for two hours. I____for you since five.

  A. kept…waited B. have kept…waited

  C. kept…have waited D. have kept…have waited

  7.Where ______ John _______ ? To the library. He ______there for an hour.

  A. has…been…has gone B. has…gone…has been

  C. did…go…went D. did…be…went

  8. I ______the way.I______here for quite many years.

  A. knew…have lived B. knew…live

  C. know…have lived D. know…live

  9. _____ you ever _____ America ? Yes, I have.

  A. Have…gone to B. Have…gone in

  C. Have…been to D. Have …been in

  10. My brother ____college for over three years.

  A. has gone to B. has been to

  C. has been in D. has been at

  以上就是“中考英语现在完成时真题练习及答案”的介绍了,希望能对你中考有所帮助!想要了解更多关于中考英语知识请继续关注音标网
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