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初中英语阅读理解训练1

管理员6    时间:2020-04-13 09:07    访问313次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报
抓主题句是快速掌握文章大意的主要方法。主题句一般出现在文章的开头和结尾。用归纳法撰写的文章,都是表述细节的句子在前,概述性的句子居后,此时主题句就是文章的最后一句。
My friend Matt and I arrived at the Activity Centre on Friday evening. The accommodation wasn't wonderful,but we had everything we needed (beds,blankets,food),and we were pleased to be out of the city and in the fresh air.

  On Saturday morning we met the other ten members of our group. Cameron had come along with two friends,Kevin and Simon,while sisters Carole and Lynn had come with Amanda. There were some other members I didn't know. We had come from different places and none of us knew the area.

  We knew we were going to spend the weekend outdoors,but none of us was sure exactly how. Half of us spent the morning caving while the others went rock-climbing and then we changed at lunchtime. Matt and I went to the caves(岩洞) first. Climbing out was harder than going in,but after a good deal of pushing, we were out at last. Though we were covered with mud,we were pleased and excited by what we'd done.

  根据短文内容,选择正确答案。

  1. The writer spent the Saturday morning _____.

  A. rock-climbing

  B. sleeping

  C. meeting friends

  D. caving

  2. There were _____ members in all in the writer's group.

  A. 6    B. 8    C. l0    D. 12

  3. We can learn from the passage that _____.

  A. some of the group had been there before

  B. the group had done rock-climbing many times

  C. some of the group already knew each other

  D. group all came from the same city

  4. The write thought her weekend was _____.

  A. interesting         B. relaxing

  C. frightening         D. unpleasant

  5. This passage mainly talks about ____.

  A. the writer's friends at the Activity Centre

  B. the writer's experience at the Activity Centre

  C. outdoor sports at the Activity Centre

  D. how to go rock-climbing and caving

  答案及解析:

  1. 选D,根据文中说明Half of us spent the morning caving while the others went rock-climbing. Matt and I went to the caves(岩洞) first.可以判断出应该选择D。

  2. 选D,Matt and I 还有the other ten members。

  3. 选C,A. B. D.均可以从文中找到证据证明其是不正确的。我们知道Cameron had come along with two friends,可以知道C项是正确的。

  4. 选A。

  5. 选B,总揽全文,可以知道B项为最佳答案。
用演绎法撰写的文章,大都遵循从一般到个别的写作程序,即从概述开始,随之辅以细说,这时,主题句就是文章的第一句。当然也有些文章没有主题句,需要读者自己去归纳。
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