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初中英语阅读理解专项练习2

管理员6    时间:2020-04-13 08:59    访问324次 有用[0] 无用[0] 举报
先看题干、带着问题读文章的方法,能加强阅读的针对性,提高做题的准确率,节省宝贵的时间。这种方法适于归纳文章中心思想、段落大意、选择恰当标题及排列事件发生的顺序等问题,特别适用于图形、表格类题材。
In England recently three foreign gentlemen came to a bus stop and waited . About five minutes later, the bus they wanted came along. They were just going to get on when suddenly there was a loud noise behind them. People rushed onto the bus and tried to push them out of the way . Someone shouted at them. The bus conductor came rushing down the stairs to see what all the trouble was about. The three foreigners seem all at sea and looked embarrassed (窘迫的 . No one had told them about the British custom (习惯)of lining up for a bus that the first person who arrives at the bus stop is the first person to get on the bus .

  Learning the language of a country isn't enough. If you want to have a pleasant visit, find out as much as possible about the manners and customs of your host country. You will probably be surprised just how different they can be from your own. A visitor to India would do well to remember that people there consider it impolite to use the left hand for passing food at table. The left hand is supposed to be used for washing yourself. Also in India, you might see a man shaking his head at another to show that he doesn't agree. But in many parts of India a shake of the head means agreement. Nodding  your head when you are given a drink in Bulgaria will most probably leave you thirsty .

  In that country, you shake your head to mean 'yes'- a nod means 'no' . At a meal in countries on the Arabic Peninsula, you will find that your glass is repeated refilled as soon as you drink up . If you think that you have had enough , you should take the cup or glasses in your hand and give it a little shake from side to side or place your hand over the top.

  In Europe it quite usual to cross your legs when you are sitting talking to someone even at an important meeting. Doing this in Thailand, however, could bring about trouble . Also, you should try to avoid (避免)touching the head of an adult (成人) --it's just not done in Thailand .

  1. The British people tried to push the three gentlemen out of the way, because the gentlemen _________ .

  A. were foreigners     B. didn't have tickets

  C. made a loud noise    D. didn't line up for the bus

  2. According to the article, if you want to have a pleasant journey in a foreign country, you should _________.

  A. learn the language of the country

  B. understand the manners and customs of the country

  C. have enough time and money

  D. make friends with the people there

  3. In India it is considered impolite ___________.

  A. to use the right hand for passing food at table.

  B. to pass food with the left hand.

  C. to eat food with your hands.

  D. to help yourself at table.

  4. To cross one's legs at an important meeting in Europe is _______.

  A. a common (平常的) habit

  B. an important manner

  C. a serious (严重的) trouble

  D. a bad manner
 5. The best title (题目) for this article is ________.

  A. People's Everyday Life

  B. Mind Your Manners

  C. Shaking and Nodding Head

  D. Taking a Bus in England

  答案及解析:

  1.D。这是一道句子理解题,也可以看成细节题。在第一自然段的最后,有这样的句子:  No one had told them about the British custom of lining up for a bus that the first person who arrives at a bus stop is the first person to get on the bus.从此句可知那三位先生并不知道在英国乘车的习惯,所以答案是D。

  2. B。这是一道细节题。答案在第二自然段的第二个句子。

  3.B。同第二题一样,此题也是细节题。可在第二自然段直接找到答案。

  4.A。单句理解题。最后一个自然段中有说:In Europe it is quite usual to cross your legs When you are sitting talking to someone even at an important meeting.这个句子的意思是:在欧洲,开会时翘二郎腿是很常见的。这说明许多人有这样的习惯,所以答案应该是A。

  5.B。通读全文就会发现,只学习一门外语是不够的,还要多了解该国的风俗习惯,否则就会遇到麻烦,所以答案是B。
阅读的目的是获取信息。一个人的阅读能力的高低决定了他能否快速高效地吸收有用信息。阅读能力一般指阅读速度和理解能力两个方面。阅读速度是阅读最基本的能力。
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